Annual depreciation and expensing deductions for so-called luxury autos are limited to specific dollar amounts. The dollar limits amounts are inflation-adjusted each year. The IRS has announced that for autos (which includes trucks or vans) acquired and first placed in service during 2019, the dollar limit for the first year an auto is in service is $18,100 ($10,100 if the bonus first-year depreciation allowance does not apply, for example, because the taxpayer elects out of bonus first-year depreciation); for the second tax year, $16,100; for the third tax year, $9,700; and for each succeeding year, $5,760. These dollar limits are $100 higher than the dollar limits that applied for 2018 (except for the post-third tax year figure, which remains the same).
A taxpayer that leases a business auto may deduct the part of the lease payment representing its business/investment use. So that auto lessees can’t avoid the effect of the luxury auto limits, however, taxpayers must include a certain amount in income during each year of the lease to partially offset the lease deduction. The amount varies with the initial fair market value of the leased auto and the year of the lease, and is adjusted for inflation each year. The IRS has released a new inclusion amount table for autos first leased during 2019.